Clean for looks
vs. health: Why it matters
By JANICE STEWART
Vice president/owner, Castle Keepers Inc.
Special to CharlestonCurrents.com
27, 2009 -- Cleaning is the science of controlling contaminants
and is one of the most basic ways we manage our environment. The
primary purpose of cleaning has been to protect human health, with
a secondary purpose to restore and maintain the appearance of valuable
property. Far too often, the objective of cleaning has been the
reverse: We have cleaned for appearance and failed to consider health
approach has led to an illusion that surface cleaning is healthy
- that neat equals clean equals healthy. As a result, some people,
in an environment that appears to be neat and clean, still will
have adverse health reactions. In the modern building or home, their
responses may take the form of skin or eye irritation, difficulty
breathing, general malaise, or outright illness and infection.
clean is clean? There are degrees or levels of cleaning. Public
health specialists define three different levels of cleaning: Sterilization,
disinfection and sanitation.
sterile environment must be 100 percent free of contamination. The
state of sterilization can be achieved, but it is extremely difficult
to do so and is not normally done in routine cleaning.
is disinfected if we remove or make safe the vast majority (95 percent)
of harmful substances in it. We eliminate the pathogens that are
most threatening to humans.
sanitary environment is cleaned to the point that it protects health
in general. A risk of disease exists, but it is at an acceptable
risk level for the majority of people. At minimum, cleaning must
always achieve a state of sanitation.
what do we clean? Biopollutants are the most dangerous contaminants
found in the indoor environment. Keep them in your line of fire
so they do not get out of control. Because biopollutants have serious
health consequences, they require specific cleaning activities.
biopollutants are living organisms, or are derived from them, and
they come in many forms. Some produce severe to mild health effects
ranging from cancer, pneumonia, fever, asthma and rhinitis to membrane
irritation and headache. Some common biopollutants are bacteria
(E.Coli), fungi (aflatoxin), viruses (influenza), mammals (cats),
arthropods (dust mites) and green plants (ragweed).
biopollutants to cause problems indoors, they need reservoirs, such
as standing water or rotting matter, although a very dirty, neglected
carpet is also considered a reservoir. Nonliving biopollutants,
such as mite feces, come from organisms (a reservoir), but can exist
by themselves in a mattress. Biopollutants also must grow or increase
in concentration before they can harm people, and they have to be
disseminated - a way and a means to leave the reservoir and get
to the human receptor.
example of how a biopollutant works can be seen in a house cat.
Cats produce an antigen in their saliva that some people are allergic
to. The cat is the reservoir of the antigen. It licks its fur, and
the antigens begin to amplify, or concentrate, in the fur. When
the cat scratches its fur or rubs against a rug or chair, the antigen
is disseminated into the air where the human is exposed to it.
the outdoor environment, we have little control over biopollutants,
but indoors we can control their reservoirs and amplification by
controlling their sources with routine cleaning and preventive maintenance.
Control the environment - moisture and temperature - so the organism
can't grow. For example, squeegee walls and doors of showers after
Take away any foods so the microorganism will starve. For example,
vacuum carpets, floors and upholstery frequently with an ultra-filtered
vacuum that can catch particles up to 1 micron in size to remove
dirt, food crumbs and skin cells so mites and bacteria don't much
Keep any organism or other pollutant away from humans. Kill it,
remove it or contain it. An efficient, safe way to kill microorganisms
is to use a vapor machine that uses high-temperature vapor to
kill germs and insects and makes it easy to remove soil from surfaces.
for appearance is important because it protects valuables and provides
a sense of mental and social well-being. But appearance, no matter
how pleasing, is less important than the enhanced quality of life
that is achieved reducing human exposures to hazardous, allergenic,
disease-producing or toxic substances.
Stewart spent 20 years as a registered dietitian and has a background
in biochemistry and experience in hospital infection control. She
and her husband run Castle
Keepers, a commercial and residential cleaning business. Stewart
also is a regular contributor to The
Housekeeping Channel, an online resource offering information
for consumers on how to clean, protect and enhance their homes.
theories get in way of the truth
ANDY BRACK, publisher
27, 2009 -- If something sounds too good to be true, there might
be a reason: its not true.
some people, being people, will keep trying to believe in them despite
logic, facts and irrefutable evidence.
There are people, for example, who still believe there was a conspiracy
and cover-up in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Others think man never walked on the moon . Instead, they hold astronauts
really were filmed walking on a desert made to look like the moon.
These days, popular conspiracy theories hold that President Barack
Obama isnt an American citizen (he is) or that global warming
doesnt exist (it does).
So why do these myths, legends, theories and assertions flourish?
Two main reasons are the glut of information some true, some
plain false available through the Internet and the reality
of diminishing resources by our truth watchdogs, the traditional
Two years ago, the St. Petersburg Times started PolitiFact.com
as a way to debunk erroneous information spouted by politicians
and the media, including bloggers and chain e-mailers.
I felt the news media had not done enough to fact-check claims
in American politics, said Bill Adair, Washington bureau chief
for the Times and editor of PolitiFact. We were letting people
in politics get away with big falsehoods
and it was our job
to blow the whistle on that.
Adair noted crackpot theories in American politics have always been
around, but that widespread use of the Internet has provided people
with a way to publish their claims to a world where other people
the Internet, a guy with a wacky theory didnt have access
to that many people, Adair said. He could write letters
to the editor or call into radio stations. He didnt have that
megaphone. Now he does.
In the past, the media acted as a barrier and check on outlandish
rumors and theories. But now, those trying to stir the pot can bypass
the traditional media through misleading viral emails, blogs, Web
sites, social media and more. In essence, the traditional media
has been trumped as a filter. Now, Adair argues, the media need
to debunk false and misleading assertions as part of their job.
The problem? Media outlets have fewer resources to spend on correcting
the record. Hence the need for Politifact.com and a similar site,
Just take the issue of global warming. Despite the fact that the
worlds top climate scientists from more than 130 nations agreed
in 2007 that warming of the climate system is unequivocal
due to mans impact on the environment, there are scads of
people who just dont believe it.
Former U.S. Sen. John Warner, R-Va., said he wouldnt have
spent a good part of his last two years in the Senate pushing for
a climate change bill if it were not real. He pointed to the melting
of the Antarctic ice cap and the famine and drought of Somalia,
Darfur and other places in Africa as conditions that linked global
warming to our national security. [To learn more, see reports
Nations in Africa, for example, are fragile sovereignties because
of stresses caused by climate change. If those governments
topple, you have a situation where people flow in who often are
against the principles of freedom, said Warner, who was in
South Carolina to highlight how global warming had security implications.
University of South Carolina Professor Greg Carbone said man was
expected to double the pre-Industrial Age amount of carbon dioxide
emissions into the atmosphere by 2050.
For the climate to have no response to that would be extraordinary,
he said while traveling with Warner. The likelihood that there
would be no change at all is very unlikely by the year 2050.
So when you hear someone say global warming doesnt exist or
President Obama is really Kenyan, go to trusted news sources or
the library to find out the real deal. (Hint: You might want to
stay away from Wikipedia because its content can be modified by
anyone with a computer and Internet connection.)
Brack, publisher of CharlestonCurrents.com, believes the Chinese
are our country's biggest threat. He can be reached at: email@example.com.
us what you really think
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Council seeks to fill vacancies on boards
County Council is looking for volunteers to fill the following vacancies
on boards and commissions:
Board of Adjustment and Appeals - one vacancy for a registered
Paul's Fire District Commission - one vacancy for the Edisto Island
Appeals Board - two vacancies.
of Assessment Appeals - one vacancy.
Center Advisory Board - one vacancy.
Board - one vacancy.
Insurance and Inspection Fund (1% Commission) - two vacancies
from St. Paul's Fire District and two vacancies from St. Andrews
Public Service District.
and Special Needs Board - three vacancies.
Andrews Parks and Playground Commission - two vacancies.
Public Facilities Corporation - one vacancy.
Workforce Investment Board - three vacancies for private sector
seats and one vacancy for a labor representative.
Charleston County citizen who is willing to volunteer his or her
time may submit an application for appointment. The application
deadline is Sept. 15. Click
here for an application form.
Council's Administration Policy and Rules Committee will consider
the applications and recommend appointees to the full council. A
final vote on the appointees is expected on Oct. 6.
questions or more specific information on each board, call Kristen
Salisbury, Deputy Clerk of Council, at 958-4031 or visit
Dollars in Five Days project to help My Sister's House
Sister's House is asking people to spend five minutes online to
donate as little as $5 to help domestic violence victims in Berkeley,
Charleston and Dorchester counties live free from abuse. The Five
Dollars in Five Days campaign aims to attract enough donors to raise
$10,000 between July 27 and July 31. Donations will pay for needs
such as baby food, bus far, rent and car insurance for women who
have experienced domestic violence.
can be made at http://mysistershouse5dollars.bbnow.org.
violence touches all of our lives, whether or not we realize it,"
says Elmire Raven, executive director of My Sister's House. "Even
in this economy, a lot of people can spare at least $5. We're hoping
they'll give what they can and ask their friends and family to do
the same. We can all play a part in keeping victims
safe from abuse."
Carolina ranks second in the nation for number of women killed by
men, and seventh in the number of domestic violence incidents. Charleston
County consistently ranks highest in numbers of reported domestic
violence victims, and Berkeley and Dorchester counties rank in the
Sister's House is the only organization in the tri-county area that
delivers shelter-based services, programs and resources to empower
domestic violence victims and their children to live free from abuse.
For more information about My Sister's House, visit mysistershouse.org.
to offer free history program for teachers
Powder Magazine and the Gibbes Museum of Art will offer "Charleston:
On and Off-The-Wall," a free program for South Carolina public
school teachers, from 12:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. Aug. 13. A maximum
of 25 teachers will be accepted.
program will begin at the Gibbes, where educators will explore "The
Charleston Story," which highlights significant people, places
and periods in local history, including Charleston's beginning as
a British colony, its role in the American Revolution, the ravages
of the Civil War, and its development as a culturally diverse and
dynamic community today.
will then visit the Powder Magazine, South Carolina's oldest public
building, for a tour of the museum led by the museum director. In
addition, local historian Michael Coker will share some unusual-but-true
stories of Charleston's past.
more information or to register, contact Alan Stello at 722-9350
or e-mail him at email@example.com.
deli is a great addition to Mt. Pleasant
friend PJ and I had a terrific lunch last week at the new deli Mozzo
in the Food Lion Shopping Center on Coleman Boulevard in Mount Pleasant.
The space (formerly Schlotzky's) is fresh, sunny, bright and open.
There are so many creative sandwiches, salad and burger choices
that you need to allow a few extra minutes -- seriously -- to read
them all on the huge chalkboards over the counters and make up your
mind. We got different sandwiches then split them, so each of us
got to try two things. Our hands-down favorite was Dig The Fig --
a deliciously different sandwich with prosciutto, grilled onions,
Asiago cheese and fig preserves, served panini style on ciabatta.
It was top-notch. We also loved the Chicken Caprese -- marinated,
grilled chicken with a classic basil pesto, Asiago and sundried
tomatoes. Mozzo currently offers breakfast and lunch seven days
a week, and does catering as well. It's worth checking out.
Ann Thrash, Editor, CharlestonCurrents.com
If you have a review of a book, movie, restaurant or local arts
endeavor, please send no more than 150 words to editor Ann
Thrash. Make sure to include your name and full contact information.
serving as an infantry captain during World War I, the Sumter attorney
Wendell M. Levi set up the Pigeon Section of the U.S. Army Signal
Corps, having had experience raising homing pigeons as a hobby.
Harold Moïse, an air force pilot and a graduate civil engineer
with building expertise, shared Levi's interest in pigeons. In 1923
the two men founded the Palmetto Pigeon Plant on thirteen acres
of farmland in Sumter County and recruited state senator Davis Moïse
to be vice president of the firm.
Levi Barnett, right, and her twin brother Wendell M. Levi,
Jr., at the Palmetto Pigeon Plant. (UNC Library photo)
original breeding stock came from the pigeons Levi raised for the
army. The plant gradually expanded to become America's largest squab
producer and the sole supplier of pigeons for use in medical and
dietary research. Squabs -- young pigeons that have not yet flown
-- are considered haute cuisine in many parts of the world. Farm-raised
or wild, pigeons were common fare in Carolina until fifty years
ago. Besides squabs, the Sumter plant also raised and processed
poussins (young chickens) and quail, and bought partridges, rabbits,
and additional squabs from growers around the state.
Pigeon Plant was operated by Levi and Moïse family members
until 1990, when Anthony Barwick, a Pineville native and recent
graduate in poultry science at Clemson University, became manager.
In 1997 Barwick purchased the Moïse family stock and became
president and CEO of the company. Wendell M. Levi, Jr., served as
$4 million business with sixty employees in 2002, Palmetto Pigeon
reached a level of production its founders could not have imagined.
The plant's 20,000 pairs of pigeons produced an average of 7,000
squabs a week. Also, 230,000 poussins and 80,000 black chickens
were shipped yearly to brokers in New Orleans, New York, Houston,
Dallas, Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, and San Francisco and distributed
to restaurants, retailers, retail groceries, airlines, and cruise
ships. By the early twenty-first century consumers worldwide could
buy Palmetto poussins and squabs through the prestigious distributor
Excerpted from the entry by Dale Rosengarten.
To read more about this or 2,000 other entries about South Carolina,
check out The
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have been rediscovered during the economic downturn as great sources
of free programs for all ages -- even those hard-to-please teenagers.
Here are five teen-friendly programs coming to a library near you
Reading Finale: 3 p.m. to 4 p.m. Aug. 3, St. Andrews Regional
Library, 1735 N. Woodmere Drive. Teenagers can celebrate their summer
reading accomplishments with games, prizes, snacks and music. More
Ice Cream Party: 6 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. Aug. 6, Otranto Road Regional
Library, 2261 Otranto Road. Ice cream social for ages 12-17 and/or
grades six through 12 to mark the finale of the summer reading program.
More info: 572-4094.
Jeopardy: 4 p.m .Aug. 13, Dorchester Road Regional Library,
6325 Dorchester Road. Students in grades six through 12 can show
off their hip-hop trivia knowledge. More info: 552-6466.
Bonanza: 3 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. Aug. 19, Johns Island Regional
Library, 3531 Maybank Highway. Students in grades six through 12
can watch the movie "Race to Witch Mountain" with Dwayne
"The Rock" Johnson, followed by a game of "Disney
Jeopardy" to win cool school supplies. Snacks will be served.
More info: 559-1945.
6 p.m. to 8 p.m. Aug. 20, Mount Pleasant Regional Library, 1133
Mathis Ferry Road. Young adults who want to play chess or learn
the game are invited. Chess sets are provided, but you may bring
your own. All skill levels welcome. More info: 849-6161.
a fine line between fishing and just standing on the shore like
Wright, comedian (1955 - )
Preparedness for Businesses: 7:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. July
30, Charleston Metro Chamber of Commerce, 2750 Speissegger Drive,
North Charleston. The chambers Business Continuity Planning
Council will host the workshop, which features experts from local
governments and utility companies explaining how to write a business
continuity plan that works before, during and after a storm. Cost:
$25 chamber members, $35 nonmembers. Registration
Choir Auditions: 5:30 p.m. July 30 and Aug. 4,
Citadel Square Baptist Church Fellowship Hall, 342 Meeting St. Charleston
Symphony Orchestra Gospel Choir will hold voice-assessment auditions
for new volunteer members; singers whose voices are in the lower
ranges (tenor and bass) are especially needed. Candidates should
come prepared to sing a solo of their own choosing and also to vocalize
in a choral setting. More
Tryal of Major Stede Bonnet": 4:30 p.m. Saturdays through
Sept. 26, Old Powder Magazine, 79 Cumberland St., downtown.
A one-of-a-kind interactive theatrical event that brings to life
the story of "gentleman pirate" Stede Bonnet, who plied
his trade in the waters off Charleston in the early 1700s. The 40-minute
show was written and is performed by Rodney Lee Rogers of PURE Theatre.
Cost: $8 and $12. Tickets/info: 534-6169 or online
ONGOING AND SOON
"Food, Inc." Showing: 7:15 p.m. Aug. 3, Terrace
Theater, Maybank Highway, James Island. Lowcountry Local First and
Slow Food Charleston, groups that promote the benefits of local,
sustainable food, will host a showing of the movie "Food, Inc.,"
a documentary that looks at surprising information about what we
eat, how it's produced and how that affects us as a nation. After
the movie (about 9 p.m.), there will be a panel discussion featuring
local farmers and producers. Regular Terrace ticket prices apply.
More info: 762-4247, http://www.lowcountrylocalfirst.org or http://www.slowfoodcharleston.org.
Skin Cancer Screening: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Aug. 8, Splash
Zone Waterpark at James Island County Park, Riverland Drive, Charleston.
The Charleston County Park and Recreation Commission and dermatologists
from the MUSC Mobile Health Unit (a fully equipped doctor's office
on wheels) will offer a free skin cancer screenings. More skin cancer
info: MUSC Health Connection, 792-1414.
Ensemble Auditions: 10 a.m. and 11 a.m. Aug. 8, Citadel
Square Baptist Church Fellowship Hall, 342 Meeting St. Charleston
Symphony Orchestra's Spiritual Ensemble will hold voice-assessment
auditions for new volunteer members; singers whose voices are in
the lower ranges (tenor and bass) are especially needed. More
on the Cooper: 7:30 p.m. to 11 p.m. Aug. 8, Mount Pleasant
Pier at Memorial Park, foot of the Ravenel Bridge in Mount Pleasant.
Shag under the stars at the new pier. Music starts at 8:30 p.m.,
provided by The Coppertones (a formally dressed six-piece ensemble
party band that plays classic R&B and beach music). Beverages
available for purchase on-site. Tickets: $8; only 800 tickets will
be sold and must be purchased at the event (no advance sales). Tickets
available in gift shop at pier beginning at 3 p.m. the day of the
event. More info: 795-4386.
Education Open House: 4 p.m. to 7 p.m. Aug. 11, Continuing
Education Center (Building 910), Trident Technical College Main
Campus, 2001 Mabeline Road, North Charleston. The event is designed
to familiarize participants with TTC continuing-education courses
and they can provide training for a new career or personal enrichment.
Talk with course instructors, tour the facilities, register for
fall classes, learn about financial options, and enjoy refreshments
and prizes. More info: 574-6111.
Rucker Homegrown Concert: 7 p.m. Aug. 13, Family Circle
Tennis Center, Daniel Island. Rucker will offer a special concert
to help bring in donations of school supplies for needy local students.
Country music star Dierks Bentley will be among the special guests.
Fans are urged to bring school supplies to the concert to donate.
Tickets: $40 for floor or first-tier reserved seats; $32 for reserved
second-tier seats; $25 general admission third-tier seats. To purchase:
Ticketmaster Charge-By-Phone (1-800-745-3000), local Publix outlets,
Family Circle Tennis Center ticket office, or online
Seining at Sullivan's: 5 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. Aug. 28, Station
30, Sullivan's Island. The Station 30 area on Sullivan's Island
area has been a seining hotspot for generations. Join the experts
from Charleston County Park and Recreation Commission to catch and
discover a variety of marine critters at the first CCPRC seining
program on Sullivan's Island. A registered and paid chaperone is
required for participants ages 15 and under, and pre-registration
is required. Open to ages 6 and up. Cost: $7 Charleston County residents,
$9 nonresidents. Registration/more
info, or 795-4FUN.
In this section,
we offer a list of good reads that you might want to consider reading:
Short History of a Small Place, T.R. Pearson
Book of Marie, Terry Kay
Jazz, Jack McCray
Be Sober in the Morning: Great Comebacks, Putdowns, and Ripostes,
Chris Lamb (List)
Speaking: An Oral Biography of Harry S. Truman, Merle Miller
a book to us
New local music CD
Uses of social media
Time for renovations
Dog days at Drayton
new food show
on car tags
way of tithing?
to old clunker
to squeeze in
Class of 2013
Class of 2013
stores, 7 days
know you're from...
the school menu
Day Fest facts