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HOT DIGGITY:
Contributing photographer Michael Kaynard got a shock last week when crossing the Cooper River Bridge and spying Oscar Mayer's Weinermobile headed toward Mount Pleasant. It took some careful driving, but he caught up with the vehicle near a Bi-Lo and snapped this shot. Little did he know that if he had gotten out of his car to see the vehicle, he might have gotten a Weinermobile whistle! More: Kaynard Photography.

Issue 5.23 | Monday, April 8, 2013
Get your garden on!

FOCUS Lucas was indigo trailblazer
BRACK Sanford will be tough to beat
SC AT WAR "Turrets are coming!"
GOOD NEWS Earth Day, market to open, more
HISTORY More on indigo
SPOTLIGHT Kaynard Photography
FEEDBACK Send us your letters
THE LIST Spring cleaning tips
QUOTE Man's best friends
CALENDAR This week ... and next
   
TODAY'S FOCUS

Lucas was indigo trailblazer in 18th century
By JAN HEISTER
Curator of textiles, Charleston Museum
Special to Charleston Currents

APRIL 8, 2013 -- The rich blue dye of indigo, derived mainly from plants of the genus Indigofera, has been known for centuries, with varieties growing around the world.

Traders brought it to Europe, where a weaker cousin, woad, had been providing a serviceable blue dye. Attempts were made to cultivate true indigo in the British colonies, but it was not until the efforts of a young woman in Charleston persevered and made this happen.

Eliza Lucas (1722-1793) was the daughter of George Lucas, a British army officer who brought his family to the South Carolina Lowcountry from Antigua in the West Indies in 1738. Two years later he was recalled to Antigua and the business of running his plantations here was left to Eliza, who also cared for her sick mother and young sister. She had been educated in London and was quite fond of botany and the "vegetative world." One of the plantations she was managing was Wappoo Plantation, located on the north bank of Wappoo Creek in a West Ashley area that is now covered with subdivisions off of Savannah Highway. In 1741, her father sent her indigo seeds, and, although her first two crops failed, her third was a fine success.

COMING SOON

You can learn a lot more about the importance of indigo in the Lowcountry:

Exhibition: "Indigo: Natural Blue Dye in the Lowcountry" opens April 27 at the Charleston Museum to explore the history of the crop and its role. The original exhibition runs through Sept. 2. More.

Workshop: In conjunction with the exhibit, the museum invites knitters and textile enthusiasts to learn about dyeing with indigo from 1 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. April 27. Register online.

In May 1744, Eliza Lucas married widower Charles Pinckney, and with the labor of their slaves and advice from indigo professionals, they sent six pounds of the blue dye to London where it was proclaimed to be excellent. They shared the seed with neighboring planters and the British Assembly passed a bill giving a bounty for the dye, thus allowing indigo to become a financial phenomenon. Because of the growing season, planters found indigo compatible with their other major cash crop, rice.

By 1770, they were exporting over a million pounds a year from this province. Carolina planters were able to double their capital every three or four years. However, this flourishing market abruptly came to an end with the Revolution, when the European market was closed to indigo from the former colonies. By the end of the century, the exports of indigo through the port of Charleston registered only a few thousand pounds.

Perhaps because of the huge financial success of indigo production, the new state of South Carolina became steeped in the color blue. Indeed, the state flag was given a rich blue as were the uniforms of the Second South Carolina Regiment, led by Colonel William Moultrie in the Revolutionary War. Today, there is a plaque, erected in 1976, dedicated to this indigo pioneer at the end of Betsy Road that reads: "This marker commemorating where indigo seed was planted by Eliza Lucas in 1741."

While there is no extant image of Eliza Lucas Pinckney, we can get a sense of her person through some of her garments in the Charleston Museum's textiles collection. We are fortunate to have the salmon pink silk dress Eliza purportedly wore when presented at court in London. It dates to the 1760s to the 1770s.

In very fragile condition, this dress of "bricked" fabric (a damask-like pattern), has a sack back (robe à la Française or Watteau gown) and matching underskirt or petticoat. The open front has flamboyant ruching as do the three-quarter length ruffled sleeves. The collection also includes light blue satin shoes (perhaps dyed with indigo) with silver braid, c. 1770. The label inside one shoe indicates that these were made in London by Thos. Hose, Shoemaker, Lombard Street.

Next week: More on the process of cultivating and dyeing with indigo. In the meantime, please mark your calendars for the Museum's upcoming exhibit, Indigo: Natural Blue Dye in the Lowcountry, on display April 27 to September 2. See Eliza's blue silk shoes, along with other examples of indigo-dyed textiles from the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries.

ANDY BRACK

Sanford will be tough to beat
By ANDY BRACK, publisher

APRIL 5, 2013 -- You've got to admit one thing about Mark Sanford: He knows how to win elections.

Sanford's 14-point GOP runoff victory this week over former Charleston County Councilman Curtis Bostic was the 12th straight time the former governor won outright or placed first in a crowded primary.

Back in 1994, an unknown Sanford burst onto the political scene. In the GOP primary, he beat better-known candidates like former state Sen. Mike Rose and Bob Harrell, father of the state's current House speaker. The only time Sanford ever came in second was in that 1994 primary when he garnered 19 percent (10,568 votes) to 31 percent for Van Hipp Jr., then a former chair of the state GOP and a deputy assistant secretary of the Army. In the runoff, Sanford beat Hipp by 2,383 votes. In 1996 and 1998, he had no major party challenges and won re-election handily.

Sanford left Congress on a term-limits pledge and seemed to be done with politics. But, surprising many, he got itchy and ran for governor in 2002. He topped the field of seven in the GOP primary and beat former Lt. Gov. Bob Peeler in a runoff by a 20-point margin. He went on to beat incumbent Gov. Jim Hodges by a 53-47 margin in the general election. Four years later, he handily won a GOP primary and later re-election.

There's no avoiding that Mark Sanford is the consummate campaigner. In every race, he adapts. He sticks to his message. He runs with the passion of an acolyte of whatever he's pushing. In the 1990s and as a gubernatorial candidate, his mantra was libertarian economics -- cut government spending and be so fiscally conservative that you write on both sides of a Post-it note.

Following Sanford's much-publicized fall from grace while governor, he has been talking squarely to the camera this year with a message of conservatism mixed with old-fashioned religious redemption. His campaign erects big plywood signs that say "Sanford saves tax $," making it look like his professional campaign is so tapped out that it has to make its own signs. Hogwash. The wooden signs are more expensive (and heavier) than the slick cardboard ones, but Sanford knows the homemade signs look better for his image.

The only person now standing in the way of Sanford returning to Congress is Elizabeth Colbert Busch, a Democratic neophyte believed to have a chance, in part, because she's the sister of comedian Stephen Colbert.

But if Busch is going to win, she's going to have to get mean enough to peel the paint off today's Sanford and his message that he's seen the light. Remember what the lead character in the Netflix series "House of Cards" said about people on the comeback: "Redemption narratives are powerful stories."

For Busch to win, she's going to have to raise significant money and focus on the thing Sanford doesn't want to talk about -- how he was "absent without leave" from the state when he jetted down to Argentina to see his mistress but told his staff he was hiking the Appalachian Trail.

In military communities like Charleston and Beaufort, the message of Sanford abandoning his post to fuel his personal needs might be the only thing that Busch can use to win. But will she? Talking about how Sanford did little in Congress in his six years in Washington -- other than sleep on a couch and vote against funding for the Cooper River Bridge -- isn't going to upset GOP rank-and-file voters.

Several years ago when I ran (and lost) in the First District for Congress, I realized one big thing: If the ballot had a choice for "no one" to represent them in Washington, they would probably vote for that more than other choices. In the 2013 reincarnation of candidate Sanford, they just might get what they really want.

One thing is for sure: Regardless of which candidate wins the congressional seat in the May 7 special election, the big winner will be the comedian, Stephen Colbert, just like Steve Stegelin, Statehouse Report's cartoonist, penned in Friday's issue.

Andy Brack is publisher of Charleston Currents and Statehouse Report, where this commentary first was published. He can be reached at: publisher@charlestoncurrents.com.

FEEDBACK

Send us your thoughts

If you have an opinion you'd like to share (150 words or less, please), send your letters to: editor@charlestoncurrents.com. Please include your name, address and phone number for verification purposes. We look forward to hearing from you!

SPOTLIGHT

Kaynard Photography

The public spiritedness of our underwriters allows us to bring Charleston Currents to you at no cost. Today we shine our spotlight on Kaynard Photography, a business run by contributing photographer Michael Kaynard of West Ashley.

Kaynard Photography grew from Michael's love of walking the streets of the Charleston's historic district. It developed into a passion for capturing everything Charleston through a camera lens. Kaynard can be seen walking the streets of Charleston many days from dawn to darkness. He calls his work "At Street Level." His photos are available for viewing and sale at kaynardphotography.webs.com.

SOUTH CAROLINA AT WAR: MARCH 1863

"The Turrets Are Coming!"
By DOUGLAS W. BOSTICK, contributing editor
Special to Charleston Currents

On April 5, 1863, the Federal squadron and support ships assembled off the Charleston bar. Flag Officer Francis Du Pont planned to pass the outer harbor Confederate batteries and move to fire on the north and west faces off Fort Sumter. After forcing the Confederate fort's surrender, the monitors would attack Confederate fortifications on Morris Island.

The morning of April 7 was clear, and seeing the movement of Du Pont's eight monitors, Confederate colonel Alfred Rhett at Fort Sumter telegrammed the city announcing, "The turrets are coming," referring to the pillbox turrets on top of the monitors. Charlestonians assembled in great numbers at the Battery and on the rooftops and steeples to watch the naval attack.

Du Pont held his ships back until high tide at 10:20 a.m., thinking the outgoing tide would aid in steering the monitors. The Union ships began moving just after noon, but the advance stalled as the USS Weehawken's anchor became tangled with the torpedo-protection raft on its bow. The advance resumed at 1:45 p.m.

By 2:30 p.m., the Confederate garrison at Fort Sumter, finished with its midday supper, was called to the guns. The Confederates were attired in their dress parade uniforms, excited to finally face the Union fleet in battle. The fort's band played as the Palmetto, garrison and South Carolina First Artillery flags were raised over the fort. Colonel Alfred Rhett, commander at Fort Sumter, fired a thirteen-gun salute and prepared to face the oncoming ships.

When the Weehawken came within range, Fort Moultrie opened fire, hitting the ship's turret and the side of the ironclad at the waterline. The USS Passaic, commanded by Captain Percival Drayton, a South Carolinian, fired first on the bellowing guns at Fort Moultrie as the Weehawken opened fire on Fort Sumter. As the Weehawken passed a range buoy, all the guns at Fort Sumter and on Sullivan's and Morris Islands opened fire.


The Ironclad attack on Fort Sumter, published in the Illustrated London News.

The USS Nahant suffered the heaviest fire from the guns at Fort Sumter. After only getting off fifteen shots, its turret became jammed and its steering failed, causing it to drift dangerous close to the Confederate guns. One seaman aboard the USS Catskill revealed, "Officers and men were astonished to see the injuries done to these supposed invulnerable ironclads." The USS Keokuk made a direct approach to Fort Sumter, leaving its broadside vulnerable to Confederate fire from both sides of the channel. Its guns were out of commission after only firing three shots. It was hit ninety times; nineteen of those shots either pierced the hull or hit below the waterline. Its light armor could not adequately protect the ship.

Now facing an incoming tide that could cause his ships to drift into close range of the Confederates, Du Pont signaled all of the monitors to withdraw at 4:30 p.m. The slow, cumbersome monitors were no match for all the Confederate guns. In the two-and-a-half-hour battle, the Union monitors only managed to fire 154 rounds, and only 34 of them hit their target. The Confederate batteries and Fort Sumter fired 2,209 rounds, with 520 of them hitting Union ships. Five of the ironclads suffered enough damage to either disable the ship or its guns.

In his report to Washington, Du Pont wrote, "I attempted to take the bull by the horns, but he was too much for us. These monitors are miserable failures where forts are concerned." While en route to Port Royal, Du Pont wrote to his wife, confiding, "We have failed as I felt sure we would."

The defeat of the heralded Union monitors was a great embarrassment for the navy. The Northern press reacted harshly. The New York Herald described the defeat, "though almost bloodless, as one of our most discouraging disasters." President Lincoln and Secretary Welles worked to delay the official reports of the battle to the public. Welles expressed to Du Pont that his reports were not published "because in my judgment, duty to my country forbade it."

Douglas W. Bostick grew up on James Island, and his ancestors in South Carolina date back to colonial America. He is the author of several books and numerous articles that have appeared in historical journals, magazines and national newsletters. A graduate of the College of Charleston, Bostick earned a master's degree from the University of South Carolina. He is a former staff and faculty member of the University of South Carolina and the University of Maryland.

GOOD NEWS

Charleston County hosts 2013 Earth Day Festival on April 20

Charleston County will offer a free celebration of Earth Day from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. on April 20 at Riverfront Park on the former Naval Base in North Charleston. Learn more.

Meanwhile, the Nature Conservancy also offers local events to celebrate the day.

The county's 14th annual festival offers hands-on educational opportunities for all ages and highlights the county's environmental programs.

"Our annual Earth Day Festival provides an ideal opportunity for Lowcountry residents to learn how they can make a difference in our community at home, work and play," said Carolyn Carusos, Charleston County Environmental Management Department's Recycling Programs Manager. "Riverfront Park offers a beautiful waterfront setting to enjoy the diverse, fun and family-oriented activities."

Charleston County's Earth Day Festival attracts as many as 8,000 people each year. All participants are asked to commit to reducing waste at the event. Resource Recovery Centers will be strategically located throughout the park to collect recyclable materials and organic waste generated during the festival.

A highlight of the festival is the county's annual Earth Day art contest for students in kindergarten through sixth grade. This year's theme: "One Earth, One Future." Winners will be featured at the event and printed on the back of festival T-shirts.

Other highlights: Live performances by a local step team; live music from the Blue Dogs and other bands; a birds of prey and reptile demonstrations; storytelling by Hawk Hurst; mad science; and more. Full schedule.

At the same time the county's Earth Day Festival is occurring, the South Carolina chapter of The Nature Conservancy will celebrate the event with a Picnic for the Earth starting at 11 a.m. April 20 at the Wadmalaw Island home of Catherine and Frank Middleton. There will be local fare, a nature walk and a butterfly expert on hand. Reservations are required with a suggested donation of $100 per person. Contact Melinda Ottaviano at mottaviano@tnc.org.

Also April 20, all Half-Moon Outfitters locations will donate a percentage of sales to support The Nature Conservancy.

Charleston Farmers Market to open April 13

The 25th annual Charleston Farmers Market will open 8 a.m. April 13 at Marion Square with local food, craft delights and entertainment. The market will continue each Saturday through Christmas.

Among the highlights of this year's opening day are cooking demonstrations from local restaurants and farmers; the sixth annual Push-Up & Up Challenge to benefit Communities in Schools; music; and the unveiling of the annual market poster.

More than 100 participating farmers and vendors will be on hand this year with new additions including "Molly & Me Pecans," "Outta My Huevos," and "Old Like New Resourced Wood Company."

Trade in your gas-powered lawn mower

The first 100 people to trade in their old gas-powered mower or yard tool for a new cordless or corded electric mower can get a $20 voucher -- on top of other discounts at the 2013 Tri-County Lawn Mower Exchange.

The Lawn Mower Exchange will take place 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. April 20 at the corner of Noisette Blvd. & Turnbull Ave. (near North Charleston Riverfront Park.) Black & Decker and Royall Hardware will be on-site for demos and purchases of air friendly lawn mowers and power yard tools. More info is online.

N.C. State student to intern at French gardens

Dana Reynolds, a master's degree student in horticultural science at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, has been selected for a summer internship at French gardens.


Reynolds

A selection committee organized by Magnolia Plantation and Gardens recently chose Reynolds as the third American student for the program that was established in 2011 through the French Heritage Society Student Exchange Program.

"Ms. Reynolds is passionate about horticulture, and she has a clear vision of the career path she wants to follow in this exciting field," said Tom Johnson, Magnolia's executive director. "Given her enthusiasm for gardens, she will be an excellent ambassador for Magnolia as we continue to share American culture through horticulture."

Reynolds, who is expected to earn a master's degree in May, said, "I hope to benefit Magnolia Gardens by contributing to their research into pre-1900 varieties of camellias, and to further develop their relationship with the French Heritage Society.

"I hope to gain experience in garden administration from an international standpoint, which I will apply to my developing career in public garden administration in the United States or wherever my path may take me."

She received a biology degree in 2011 from Christopher Newport University in Newport News, Va. Later that year, she interned at the Royal Botanic Garden at London, England. Reynolds, who hopes to become an executive director at a public garden, is a student member of the American Public Gardens Association. Magnolia is the only APGA member in South Carolina.

S.C. ENCYCLOPEDIA

More on indigo

Indigo, a plant that produces a blue dye, was an important part of South Carolina's eighteenth-century economy. It was grown commercially from 1747 to 1800 and was second only to rice in export value. Carolina indigo was the fifth most valuable commodity exported by Britain's mainland colonies and was England's primary source of blue dye in the late-colonial era.

South Carolina experimented with indigo production as early as the 1670s but could not compete with superior dyes produced in the West Indies. Cultivating and processing the plant was complex, and planters found other commodities more reliable and easier to produce. Indigo was reintroduced in the 1740s during King George's War (1739-1748), which disrupted the established rice trade by inflating insurance and shipping charges and also cut off Britain's supply of indigo from the French West Indies. In South Carolina, Eliza Lucas Pinckney and Andrew Deveaux experimented with cultivation in the 1730s and 1740s. Pinckney's husband, Charles, printed articles in the Charleston Gazette promoting indigo. In London colonial agent James Crokatt persuaded Parliament in 1749 to subsidize Carolina indigo production by placing a bounty of six pence per pound on the dye.

In addition to economic motives, indigo production also succeeded because it fit within the existing agricultural economy. The crop could be grown on land not suited for rice and tended by slaves, so planters and farmers already committed to plantation agriculture did not have to reconfigure their land and labor. In 1747, 138,300 pounds of dye, worth {L}16,803 sterling, was exported to England. The amount and value of indigo exports increased in subsequent years, peaking in 1775 with a total of 1,122,200 pounds, valued at {L}242,395 sterling. England received almost all Carolina indigo exports, although by the 1760s a small percentage was being shipped to northern colonies.

Carolina indigo was grown in a variety of locations and in a number of ways. In the parishes south of Charleston, most indigo planters grew the weed in combination with rice, as a "second staple." Planters growing indigo closer to the city were split, with roughly half growing rice and indigo and half growing only indigo. North of Charleston, most planters focused solely on indigo. By the 1760s production expanded from the Lowcountry to the interior. Indigo was especially important in Williamsburg Township, where the soil was ideal and the crop was an important part of the local economy. By the 1770s, some indigo was also produced in Orangeburg and Fredericksburg Townships.

The Revolutionary War disrupted production, although the Continental army used Carolina indigo to dye some of its uniforms. Production appeared to recover after the war, as 907,258 pounds of dye were exported in 1787. But indigo exports declined sharply in the 1790s. No longer part of the British Empire, South Carolina indigo growers lost their bounty and market as England turned to India to supply its indigo demand. Carolina planters soon after turned their attention to cotton, another crop that fit neatly into the plantation economy. Indigo was produced and used locally throughout the nineteenth century, but by 1802 it was no longer listed among Carolina's exports.

Excerpted from the entry by Virginia Jelatis. To read more about this or 2,000 other entries about South Carolina, check out The South Carolina Encyclopedia by USC Press. (Information used by permission.)

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THE LIST

Time for some spring cleaning

The good folks at Merry Maids of Charleston offer a spring cleaning checklist that breaks down the tiresome chore into manageable tasks:

  • Walls and ceilings: Give your walls a thorough, corner-to-corner clean. A vacuum attachment is great for this. In the kitchen, you can combat any surface buildup with vinegar or a solvent-free degreaser (as always, do a spot-test first).

  • Window treatments: You'd be surprised how many curtains and draperies are machine-washable … and how many could use a good washing! As long as the label says it's okay, go for it. Otherwise, make a spring tradition of sending them, and fabric shades, to the dry cleaner. Wipe down blinds with a warm, damp cloth with a bit of mild dish soap.

  • Upholstered furniture: Take any removable cushions outside and gently beat them to remove dust (this would be a good time to beat any throw rugs, too). Review care labels and treat any stains accordingly before replacing. Meanwhile, use your vacuum attachment to go over the entire piece of furniture and deep inside the crevices.

  • Waxing: Now that you can open the windows to air out the fumes, why not do some waxing? Both wood and non-wood floors have surface-specific polishes designed to help them regain their luster. Wood furniture shines up beautifully with a paste wax and some buffing.

    More info: Merry Maids of Charleston

QUOTE

Man's best friends

"Outside of a dog, a book is a man's best friend. Inside of a dog, it's too dark to read."

-- Groucho Marx

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CALENDAR

IN THE WEEK AHEAD

Computer Security 101: Starts 9 a.m., April 9, Coastal Community Foundation offices, 635 Rutledge Avenue, Charleston. The S.C. Tech Academy will offer four classes on successive Tuesdays on computer security and how nonprofits can protect their data. Learn more.

in!Genius talk: 5:30 p.m., April 9, Sottille Theatre, College of Charleston. Nine of the college's pioneers in art, science and research will speak at an hour-long event that is part storytelling and part creative. It's similar to a free version of TED talks. More.

War of 1812 talk: 6:30 p.m., April 9, Daniel Library, The Citadel. Don Hickey, recently named the Gen. Mark Clark Distinguished Visiting Chair of History at The Citadel, has been called "the dean of 1812 scholarship" by "The New Yorker." Author of scores of articles, he'll give remarks at this free discussion.

(NEW) Color in Freedom Experience: April 10 to May 20, Avery Research Center for African American History and Culture. This interactive exhibit involving the Underground Railway experience offers 49 works by artist Joseph Holston. More.

Opening day: April 11. The Charleston RiverDogs will have its home opener on a Budweiser Thirsty Thursday in a seven-day homestand featuring the Augusta GreenJackets and Rome Braves. Tickets.

Dig South: April 12-14, College of Charleston TD Arena, Charleston Music Hall, The Alley and Redux. The interactive festival explores the intersection of technology, social media, marketing and the arts. More.

Charleston International Festival of Choirs: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m., April 13, Second Presbyterian Church, 342 Meeting Street, Charleston. The fifth annual event will feature four choirs, including the Spiritual Ensemble and Gospel Choir or the Charleston Symphony Orchestra, and a grand finale with a massed sing. More.

Blues by the Sea: 2 p.m. to 7 p.m., April 14, Freshfields Village near Kiawah Island. The 9th annual free outdoor music event on the Village Green will feature Billy Boy Arnold and special guest Billy Flynn, Professor Bottleneck & Harmonica Frank and Shelly Waters. More.

CONTINUING AND IN THE WEEKS AHEAD

(NEW) Design secrets: 3 p.m. April 18, 4 South Adgers Wharf, Charleston. Designer Kimberly Grigg will offer secrets of Southern design at a talk at the Charleston Symphony Orchestra League's 36th annual Designer Showcase. More.

(NEW) Pencil Point: 11 a.m., April 27, Physician's Auditorium, College of Charleston. The Charleston International Film Festival will offer a screening of this S.C. Film Commission-award winning short film by Charleston-based composer Ayala Asherov-Kalus. More on the film.

Hunt & Habit: Through April 21, Charleston Museum, Meeting Street. The museum will present an original exhibition of women's and men's riding habits, hats and accessories from the 19th and early 20th century. More info.

Where the Wild Things Run: 8:30 a.m., April 27, Caw Caw Interpretive Center, Ravenel. Run through the marshes and woods in this 5K race. Cost is $28 to $34. Online registration is open through April 26. More online at: www.ccprc.com.

"Anything Goes:" Through April 27 f at the historic Dock Street Theatre. Charleston Stage will offer Cole Porter's classic musical comedy as the grand finale of its 35th anniversary season. Tickets range from $38.50 to $57.50. Available online at: www.CharlestonStage.com

Shaggin' on the Cooper: Gates open, 7 p.m., April 27, Mount Pleasant Pier. Charleston County Parks and Recreation will kick off its annual dance event series with live music by Groove Train. Other events will be monthly through September. Tickets are $10 per person; available in packages. On Folly Beach, "Moonlight Mixers" will open May 31. More.

Photo contest: Images due by June 6. Magnolia Plantation and Gardens is holding its annual photo contest for photos taken at the attraction between March 1 and May 31. Entry is $25. To enter and look at rules, visit the Lowcountry Photographic Club.

Bird walks: 8:30 a.m. to noon, every Wednesday and Saturday. This is the time of year that a great variety of migrating birds fly through the Lowcountry so what better time to take part in one of the regular early morning bird walks at Caw Caw Interpretive Center in Ravenel. Pre-registration is suggested. Cost is $5. Walks also are conducted on James Island and Folly Beach.Learn more online.

FOCUS ARCHIVES

7/1: McGee: Monroe's new book

6/24:
Williams: Avoiding foreclosure
6/17:
Dewey: Preventing suicide
6/10:
Hoover: Clean kitchens
6/3:
Kulp: On breathalyzers

5/27: May: Hurricane prep lessons
5/20:
Home converted into gallery
5/13:
Roper Rehab hosts singer
5/6:
White, Vinson: Digital library

4/29: Greenberg: Not insurmountable
4/22:
Harleston: Transportation tax
4/15:
Heister: How indigo used
4/8:
Heister: Indigo's history
4/1:
Angstadt: Manatees

3/25: Benson, Noble: Envision SC
3/18: Hedden: Walking tours
3/11:
Koroglu: Dervishes
3/4:
Richards: Teddy Bear Picnic

2/25:
Thomas: Storytelling event
2/18:
Logo contest
2/11:
Anderson: 2-1-1's 10th
2/4:
Colwell: Teen pregnancy

1/28: Ross: Root of stress
1/21:
Roberts: SEWE 2013
1/14:
Begin with Books update
1/7:
Vail: Jr. Achievement

BOSTICK: CIVIL WAR HISTORY

6/10: "A furious barbarian"
5/13:
Recovery of Keokuk guns
4/8:
"Turrets are coming!"
3/11:
Preparing to attack
2/11:
Blockade is broken
1/14:
Stono Rebellion

12/17:
Charleston Christmas
11/19:
"Satan's Kingdom"
10/29:
Christening ironclads
10/8:
Beauregard's return
8/27:
Second Battle of Manassas
7/30:
Secessionville aftermath
6/18:
Battle of Secessionville
5/21:
Robert Smalls
4/16:
Preparing for the attach
3/19:
Yankee in charge?
2/20:
Lee and Traveller
1/30/12:
Stone Fleet

ANDY BRACK

7/1: Brad Taylor's new thriller

6/24:
Brookgreen Gardens
6/17:
New fee bring us closer?
6/10:
Great new library service
6/3:
On Robert Ford

5/27: Drum Island's piles
5/20:
Southern Crescent of Shame
5/13:
Sanford win, gerrymandering
5/6:
SC to get more angels

4/29: Pinckney's heroic story
4/22:
Cleaning up messes
4/15:
Take expansion money
4/8:
Sanford tough to beat
4/1:
With no vision ...

3/25: Candidates spend $2M
3/18:
Eating on $35/wk
3/11:
Ads aren't worth much
3/4:
Scary SC-1 survey

2/25:
Old-timey customer service
2/18:
New House Speaker?
2/11:
Reject Riley tax hike
2/4:
Episcopal schism

1/28:
Nullification talk wrong
1/21:
Tailgaters: Back off!
1/14:
A lot to be proud of
1/7:
Myth of big government

GARVAN: CHARLESTON GREEN

6/24: GoodBiz Summit
5/27:
Getting ready to evacuate
4/29:
Tax policies
3/25:
On good policy
2/25:
Heirs' property
1/28: Two conferences

11/26/12: Consumerism
10/22:
Can we be a better town
9/24:
Permaculture, more
8/13:
Bank on Charleston
7/23:
Did you know?
6/25:
Payday lenders hurt economy
4/30:
Waterkeeper event
4/16:
GrowFood difference
4/2:
Earth Day festival
3/19:
Lorax Project
3/5:
More gardening tips
2/20:
Food Waste program
2/6:
Energy from farms
1/23:
Turtles that fly
1/9/2012:
Art from beach trash

12/27/11:
Coal ash, more
12/12:
Boeing's solar farm
11/28:
More eco-tours
11/21:
More recycling ahead

SABINE: PLUFF MUD KIDS

3/18: Great local parks
2/18:
What's new in Charleston is old
1/21: Blaze a trail in 2013
12/10: Great holiday adventures

THE LIST: ARCHIVES

7/1: Mosquito facts

6/24:
Curbing mosquitoes
6/17:
Twitter tips
6/10:
Help for job applicants
6/3:
Summer projects

5/27: Hurricane tips
5/20:
Cleaning up rooms
5/13:
Traveling with friends
5/6:
5 on melanoma

4/29: 5 on Cinco de Mayo
4/22:
Best in Charleston
4/15:
Generous cities
4/8:
Spring cleaning tips
4/1:
Vacation ID tips

3/25: Park and play
3/18:
On the menu
3/11:
Still no response
3/4:
No response

2/25: Five on storytelling
2/18:
Earth Day duties
2/11:
For the heart
2/4:
Home energy tips

1/28:
Cold water boating
1/21:
On Ted Stern
1/14:
SMART goals
1/7:
Dealing with email

SISTER SITES
TWITTER UPDATE

 

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