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GETTING CLOSE. Talk about a super close-up! Contributing photographer Michael Kaynard snapped orange-tipped cone of this purple coneflower, a great species for a wildflower garden. Not only does the prominent cone make it easy for bees and butterflies to extract nectar, but if the cone ripens, seeds will drop and form new plants in the coming spring. More: Kaynard Photography.

Issue 5.41 | Monday, Aug. 12, 2013
Vote Tuesday (if you can)

FOCUS Gardens used for bat lab
BRACK Essays on ordinary summer
GOOD NEWS Citadel grant, 9-1-1 milestone
HISTORY Pise de terre
SPOTLIGHT Charleston RiverDogs
FEEDBACK Send us your thoughts
S.C. AT WAR The Angel of Death
BROADUS It can wait
THE LIST Free computer classes
QUOTE A pair of insults
CALENDAR This week ... and next
   
TODAY'S FOCUS

Magnolia Gardens used as nighttime bat laboratory
By HERB FRAZIER
Magnolia Plantation and Gardens
Special to Charleston Currents

AUG. 12, 2013 -- With a high-tech detector atop a make-shift pole, Auburn University graduate student Lydia Moore spends quiet hours near water from sundown to sunrise listening for the call of the bats.

Moore wants to know if bats behave differently over the water than over land. Very little research has been done on activity of bats in the lower coastal plain of South Carolina, said Moore, a Charleston resident. "We really don't know how they are using these habitats."


Moore tends to a bat detector. Photo provided.

As part of her master's thesis, Moore said she is observing "how bats use wetland habitat to determine if there is a difference in activity over fresh water, salt water and brackish water and within each of these habitats whether vegetation or lack of vegetation affects activity." At each site, she also traps insects periodically to measure their number and diversity.

"I think bats are going to be most abundant over fresh water because they need to drink, but there may be more foraging activity over brackish and salt water than was previously thought," she speculated based on early research that began in May.

"Most of the research on bats in South Carolina has been conducted in terrestrial habitats," said Moore, who earned bachelor of arts degrees in biology and environmental studies from Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio. "Most of this research has shown that bats selectively forage over water within terrestrial systems and prefer areas with a high diversity of roosts. The lower coastal plain of the state has the greatest level of structural diversity of the four ecoregions in the state, such as Spanish moss, swamps, bridges, trees with large diameters, and buildings. We also have barrier islands, which may act as resting points during the autumn migration."

Magnolia Plantation and Gardens is one of five sites where Moore is collecting data. Her work will end in mid-August. She'll return next spring with hopes that she can conclude her research and master's thesis in the spring of 2015. Moore is also collecting data at James Island County Park, Caw Caw Interpretive Center, Bear's Bluff Fish Hatchery on Wadmalaw Island and Church Creek on Johns Island. Bats are natural predators to insects that harm crops grown for food.

Moore uses an electronic bat detector, which records bat calls, at six sites at Magnolia. The monitor is placed in a bucket and the bucket is mounted at the top of a pole. Detectors are positioned over old rice fields, along the Ashley River, and over ponds near the Audubon swamp garden. Her study has shown that bat activity from sunset to sunrise falls into two groups. "There are early fliers and then there is generally a lull around midnight followed by activity before sunrise," she said.

Bat calls differ depending on the species. So far, Moore has recorded the calls of six species. The detectors, she said, has picked up the calls of the Eastern Red Bat/ Seminole Bat, Evening Bat, Tricolored Bat, Big Brown Bat, the third largest bat in this area, and the largest species in South Carolina, the Hoary Bat.

Although the detector has not picked up the call of the Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat, Moore said, she knows it is here. "I've seen it."

She has also used a mist net to catch some of the bats. She weighs and measures them and notes their reproductive conduction, sex, age and whether they are juveniles or adults.

Bats are mammals. Bird watcher Perry Nugent has not seen that many at Magnolia. Nugent, who has led Sunday morning bird walks at Magnolia since 1988, is interested in Moore's research. "I am happy someone knows how to find them because we don't know much about bats," he said. "I don't see bats that often."

Moore's research and other bat studies could have long-range implications on where to place wind turbines offshore to produce electricity. Research in other parts of the United States and Europe suggest that bats can fly miles offshore, making them vulnerable to being caught in the revolving blades of wind turbines.

"Of the fourteen species of bat in South Carolina, twelve inhabit the lower coastal plain," she said. "We have a fairly high diversity here. There are eleven species that have documented mortality due to wind turbines in the United States, and eight of these species are in the lower coastal plain of South Carolina. Three of these species account for 75 percent of known fatalities by wind turbines. All three of which have been documented in the lower coastal plain."

There is a proposal for a 1,000-megawatt offshore wind farm in South Carolina, Moore said. "While it is admirable that South Carolina has a green energy initiative, the decision to build a wind farm should be an informed one. My study is looking at how bats are using wetlands in the ecoregion closest to the coast. It is these bats, along with migrating bats, that could be hit hardest by turbines. The first step is to learn how bats are using wetland habitats in the lower coastal plain"

Herb Frazier is public relations director at Magnolia Plantation and Gardens.

ANDY BRACK

Essays on "An Ordinary Summer" delight
By ANDY BRACK, editor and publisher

AUG. 12, 2013 -- Every now and then, some good writing hits you at exactly the right moment.

So it was recently with a collection of reflections by the Rev. Callie Walpole, archdeacon of the Episcopal Church in South Carolina. In the 40-page booklet "An Ordinary Summer," the John's Island native reflects things we see every day in the Lowcountry -- walls, joggling boards, bricks and buzzards.

In an essay on tidal pools, Walpole marvels at how the zone between the sea and land is the richest ecosystem on the planet:

"This life still exists today primarily because of its ability to adapt to the elements which have at times been fierce. Change, for this earliest and most durable crucible of life, has become the norm rather than something to be resisted or fought. Failure to adapt has meant death and destruction."

Now broaden her theme to change-resistant South Carolina, which eventually, grudgingly and stubbornly embraced what become the norm much earlier in other places -- suffrage for women, integration and civil rights. See any parallels to more recent debates on Obamacare or comprehensive tax reform or tougher environmental standards?

Writes Walpole, also vicar of Grace Episcopal Church in Charleston, "The alternative to a tide pool is a bucket of water -- stagnant water, which goes nowhere, serving as breeding ground for mosquitoes which can threaten to suck the very lifeblood out of us. So which is preferable? Stagnation and ultimately destruction, decay and death, or movement -- the life force of pools created by tides, the place where life began and is and ever shall be -- the place wherein the juices of our own beings may now be found after lo, these many years -- commingling in ever-shifting sands and marvelously muddy waters."

In an essay on sweetgrass used by basket makers to create works of art and utility, Walpole writes of a project that once sought to grow more sweetgrass away from the harsh, sandy soil along the coast where plants are exposed to heat, wind and salt spray. Workers rooted plants in rich soil, out of the wind and salt, but what developed were weak plants with blades that broke too easily for the basket makers.

"So here we are: it's summertime, and the livin' is easy. Or, maybe not. We certainly do not go looking for hard times, but when the trials and turmoil of life fund us, perhaps we might take heart. We are treading where saints before us have trod; and others after us will tread -- amidst hot sun and storm winds -- the perfect conditions for our true fiber to grow and be revealed."

* * * * *

NOW IS NOT THE TIME for South Carolina to turn to North Carolina for how things should be. As I wrote Friday in Statehouse Report, it took North Carolina just one legislative session to do the kind of damage to state government that took South Carolina lawmakers about 20 years to achieve.

Republicans took over the North Carolina General Assembly in 2010, but had to wait until the state had a Republican governor to avoid Democratic vetoes of legislation intended to erase the progress for which the Tarheel state has long been proud.

In one legislative session, North Carolina lawmakers rolled back an impressive -- and scary -- set of laws. They made it tougher for people to vote by requiring photo identification at the polls. They allowed guns to be taken into bars and onto playgrounds. They imposed tougher restrictions on abortion, which is causing some clinics to close. They cut taxes across the board, which caused $600 million less in education and other funding. They cut teacher pay raises. They relaxed environmental laws, required drug testing for some welfare recipients and increased the allure of special interest money.

But what's worrying about what's been going on in the Tarheel State is the possibility that South Carolina Republicans will become roosters with new confidence to push things that passed in North Carolina that still haven't passed here -- more abortion restrictions, guns in bars, more education cuts, laxer environmental laws and more.

Andy Brack is publisher of Charleston Currents and Statehouse Report, where part of this commentary first appeared. He can be reached at: publisher@charlestoncurrents.com.

FEEDBACK

Send us a letter

If you have an opinion on something we've offered or on a subject related to the Lowcountry, please send your letters of 150 words or less to: editor@charlestoncurrents.com. Please include your name, address and phone number for verification purposes. We look forward to hearing from you!

SPOTLIGHT

Charleston RiverDogs

The public spiritedness of our underwriters allows us to bring Charleston Currents to you at no cost. This issue's featured underwriter is the Charleston RiverDogs. The Lowcountry’s leader in sports entertainment, Charleston RiverDogs baseball is an attractive, affordable medium for your group or business. The RiverDogs develop the next major league stars for the 27-time World Champion New York Yankees at one of the finest ballparks in Minor League Baseball -- Joseph P. Riley, Jr. Park. Three short words sum up the every day approach taken by the Charleston RiverDogs front office. The brainchild of club President Mike Veeck, the nine-letter phrase “Fun Is Good” is meant to be a guideline and daily reminder of how employees should approach their jobs and in turn capture the imagination of the fans to turn them into repeat customers.

SOUTH CAROLINA AT WAR: AUGUST 1863

The Angel of Death
By DOUGLAS W. BOSTICK, contributing editor
Special to Charleston Currents

Unable to capture Battery Wagner on Morris Island, the Union army was still at least five miles from the city of Charleston, a distance too far for conventional guns. General Quincy Gillmore felt that if he could shell Charleston, he would weaken the resolve of the Confederates and cause the surrender of the city.

Gillmore asked Colonel Edward Serrell of the 1st New York Engineers to find him a spot between Morris Island and James Island to build a battery to reach Charleston. The only thing between Morris Island and James Island was marsh and mud. In fact, the mud was over 12 feet deep in most places.

After 17 days of testing and planning, Serrell finally had a location and a design for the battery that General Gillmore would approve. His plan was to build a parapet of logs and sandbags to surround the gun platform. The gun platform would essentially "float" on this parapet.

To build the parapet, soldiers had to carry more than 13,000 sandbags, weighing over 800 tons across a wooden plank causeway that was two feet wide and 1,700 feet long. To confuse the Confederate troops on James Island, Serrell also built a fake battery just south of this location. The gun platform was going to have to support 24,000 pounds of gun and carriage. Once completed, the platform took 20,000 feet of wooden planking cut from the pine forest on Folly Island, 600 pounds of iron spikes, and the equivalent 10,000 man days of labor. One Union soldier remarked, "We're building a pulpit on which a Swamp Angel will preach." The name "Swamp Angel" stuck, but this was meant to be an angel of death for those in Charleston.


The Swamp Angel after the gun burst on August 23, 1863.

With the battery ready, the soldiers first moved the 8,000-pound gun carriage through the marsh to the site. The gun was huge-an 8-inch Parrot gun weighing 16,300 pounds. It took all night to float the gun by boat to the site and another four days to mount the gun. Shells, powder, and primers were delivered, while Union Captain Nathaniel Edwards took compass reading on St. Michael's steeple. The gun was elevated to an angle never before used for the large 150-pound shells fired by the Parrott gun.

At 1:30 a.m. on August 22, the Swamp Angel sent its first shot shrieking into the city. That night, a total of sixteen shells were fired into Charleston. Ten of the shells were laced with "greek fire," an incendiary chemical that was an early form of napalm. Panic was widespread in Charleston. The residents could not fathom how the Union army could reach Charleston.

The shelling of Charleston resumed on the evening of August 23. A hairline crack developed in the Swamp Angel, a trait that was characteristic of the larger Parrott guns. Not wanting to slow the shelling, two lanyards were tied together on the gun. As each shot was readied, the men moved outside the battery before firing in case the gun did explode. Finally, on the 13th shot of that evening, the 36th shot to be fired on Charleston from the Swamp Angel, the angel of death met her own demise. The gun's barrel could no longer contain the force of the 150-pound shell and it burst.

Though the short duration of the firing from the Swamp Angel did little to affect the siege of Charleston, its accomplishments were far-reaching. The Swamp Angel firings were the first recorded firing of artillery shells using compass readings. The shells fired by the Parrott gun traveled farther than any previous artillery fire in history. Many engineers and historians believe that the Swamp Angel was the most significant engineering accomplishment of the war.

The horror of shelling civilians only strengthened the resolve of the Confederates and the citizens of Charleston. Today, the Swamp Angel platform still stands in the marsh between Morris Island and James Island with a small marker bearing witness to the location. The SC Battleground Preservation Trust protects the site. The gun itself was transported to Trenton, N.J., and is on display as a Civil War relic.

Douglas W. Bostick grew up on James Island, and his ancestors in South Carolina date back to colonial America. He is the author of several books and numerous articles that have appeared in historical journals, magazines and national newsletters. A graduate of the College of Charleston, Bostick earned a master's degree from the University of South Carolina. He is a former staff and faculty member of the University of South Carolina and the University of Maryland.
GOOD NEWS

County marks 30 years of 9-1-1 service

Charleston County yesterday marked the 30th anniversary of its first 9-1-1 call. After signing a contract with AT&T in November 1981, Charleston County embarked on a two-year preparation period to convert Rural Route Numbers to physical street addresses as well as name all unnamed streets in the county to build the 9-1-1 database. The database enables the 9-1-1 centers to identify the physical address of the caller by what is known as an enhanced 9-1-1 system.

Once the groundwork was laid, the mapping system in place and the database complete, the first Enhanced 9-1-1 call in all of South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia was made in Charleston County on August 11, 1983.

Shelly Hoskins, a 9-1-1 call taker and dispatcher for the last 28 years, said the growth of the system was like watching someone building a house: "First you see the foundation being laid and before you know it, more and more rooms are being added," she said in a release. " "First, the technology was just buttons and push to talk and as the years progressed, you have a completely computer driven system where security is of the utmost importance."

The Charleston County Consolidated 9-1-1 Center began operations at the Lonnie Hamilton Public Services Building in January of 2009. The Consolidated 9-1-1 Center moved from that building to a newly constructed 38,000-square-foot facility on March 5, 2013. The new facility houses the Consolidated 9-1-1 Center and Emergency Operations Center at a cost of $27 million to construct. The Consolidated 9-1-1 Center staffs 24 telecommunicators and supervisors per shift to provide their internationally accredited service to the public, law enforcement officials, firefighters and emergency medical services personnel.

Full consolidation will occur in January 2014 when the City of Charleston Police transition to the Consolidated 9-1-1 Center. Using the latest 9-1-1 technology and information sharing tools, the Consolidated 9-1-1 Center will process over 1.3 million calls a year with an operating budget of approximately $12 million to support a staff of 150 Consolidated 9-1-1 Center employees.

Citadel gets $1.2 million NSF grant for STEM scholarships

The Citadel has been awarded a $1.2 million grant over five years from the National Science Foundation to fund scholarships to encourage talented students and professionals in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) to become K-12 math and science teachers.

The grant will provide money to allow The Citadel to recruit and prepare up to 30 new teachers in math and science for high-need schools in the Palmetto State during the next five years, according to a press release.

"Encouraging students to pursue careers in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, known collectively as the STEM disciplines, is critically important to the economic advancement of the region and the nation," said Col. Lok Lew Yan Voon, dean of The Citadel School of Science and Mathematics. "The Robert Noyce Teaching scholarship grant will significantly enhance The Citadel's ability to produce a talented pool of passionate and highly qualified STEM teachers for the Lowcountry."

Remember to vote Tuesday

If you live in state Senate District 42, you can vote in the Democratic primary for six candidates seeking to replace former Sen. Robert Ford, who resigned earlier this year amid health and ethics concerns. District 42 includes parts of Charleston, the "Charleston Neck" and North Charleston. Click here to see precincts and polling places.

Those on the ballot Tuesday are, in alphabetical order: Emmanuel Ferguson, Herbert S. Fielding, Marlon Kimpson, Margaret Rush, Bob Thompson and Maurice Washington.

Polls open at 7 a.m. and close 12 hours later. If you plan to vote, take a photo identification card, such as a driver's license. Sample ballot.

If a runoff is needed, it will be held August 27. The general election will be October 1.

RECOMMENDED

Send your review, recommendation

An invitation: What Web sites, books or restaurants have you enjoyed? Send us a short paragraph review of why you liked a recent visit to a restaurant or a book that you recenly read. Send to: editor@charlestoncurrents.com

S.C. ENCYCLOPEDIA

Pisé de terre

Pisé de terre, or "rammed earth," is an ancient form of building construction. Clay is the basic material in rammed earth buildings. After a foundation of brick or stone is laid, clay is poured into wooden molds and then tamped until solid. Additional layers are added until the walls reach the desired height, and the finished walls are coated with stucco.

In the mid-nineteenth century, Dr. William W. Anderson, a Maryland native who settled in Stateburg in 1810, used it to create two of South Carolina's most distinctive works of architecture: the Borough House and the Church of the Holy Cross. He was influenced by S. W. Johnson, who introduced methods of rammed earth construction to America through his book Rural Economy (1806). In 1821, Anderson used the technique to rebuild the wings of the Borough House, the main building at his Hill Crest Plantation, and several outbuildings.

In 1850, Anderson persuaded the Episcopal congregation of Stateburg to use pisé de terre in constructing the Church of the Holy Cross (above, at right), a Gothic-revival structure designed by the Charleston architect Edward C. Jones. The Borough House and its outbuildings constitute the largest complex of pisé de terre buildings in the United States. The U.S. Department of the Interior designated the Church of the Holy Cross and the Borough House as National Historic Landmarks in 1973 and 1978, respectively.

-- Excerpted from the entry by Daniel J. Vivian. To read more about this or 2,000 other entries about South Carolina, check out The South Carolina Encyclopedia by USC Press. (Information used by permission.)

BROADUS

Take a pledge to wait to text


AT&T Regional Director for External Affairs Jack Mitchell, left, talks with Griffin Hagler, who is driving the "It Can Wait" van across the country to promote how drivers shouldn't text while driving. The van, at the company's Savannah Highway store on Saturday, includes a simulator that allows people to see how their driving can be affected by texting. The duo also was promoting a new documentary by acclaimed director Werner Herzog about the dangers of texting while driving. Through the campaign at ItCanWait.com, which is supported by the nation's four largest wireless carriers and other organizations, more than 2 million people have pledged to refrain from texting while driving.

HATS OFF to Kevin Mills of Daniel Island and Jennifer Howard of Summerville for identifying beach in last week's mystery photo. It was the beach at Beachwalker Park on Kiawah Island, although the tower, we're told by Charleston's Max Hill, is on Seabrook Island! Many thanks to all of the guesses from more than a dozen people who suggested Isle of Palms, Sullivan's Island, Edisto and Seabrook. We'll have another mystery photo soon!

Stump us. If you have a picture that you took that you think will stump people, send it along and we'll publish it as a mystery picture. Send to: editor@charlestoncurrents.com. Make sure to include your name and a description of the photo (in case we're not good enough to guess.)

More photos: If you want to see a neat photo of the rural South, sign up to receive photo emails at: www.SouthernCrescent.org. And tell your friends too!


SISTER PUBLICATIONS

We encourage you to check out our sister publications:

Statehouse Report -- a weekly legislative forecast that keeps you a step ahead of what happens at the Statehouse. It's free.

SC Clips -- a daily news compilation of South Carolina news from media sources across the state. Delivered by email about the time you get to work every business day. Saves you a lot of money and time. Sign up for a free trial subscription today.

TravelOrMove.com -- a fun, interactive site where you can input your travel or retirement preferences and find places you might not have considered.

Georgia Clips offers a similar daily news compilation for the scores of newspapers in Georgia's 159 counties.

GwinnettForum -- an online community commentary for exploring pragmatic and sensible social, political and economic approaches to improve life in Gwinnett County, Ga. USA.


ABOUT US

Charleston Currents offers insightful community comment and good news on events each week. It cuts through the information clutter to offer the best of what's happening locally.

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© 2008-2013, Statehouse Report LLC. All rights reserved. Charleston Currents is published every Monday and Thursday by Statehouse Report LLC, PO Box 22261, Charleston, SC 29413.

THE LIST

Free computer classes

Trident Technical College offers several free computer classes through its continuing education program Programs are held weekdays at TTC's St. Paul's Parish Site from 5:45 p.m. to 7 p.m. and on Saturdays from 10:15 a.m. to noon. You don't have to pre-register. Among the classes:

  • Computer basics and the Internet: Sept. 3, 4, 7, 10, 11, 14, 17, 18 and 21.

  • Excel basics: Nov. 12, 13 and 16.

  • Financial Aid (FAFSA) workshop: Nov. 5, 6 and 9; Dec. 5.

  • Keyboarding and basics of Microsoft Word: Oct. 5, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16 and 19.

  • Resume building: Oct. 23.

    Learn more

QUOTE

Amusing insults

Here's a legendary insult by playwright George Bernard Shaw to Winston Churchill, and the zinger that the latter responded:

Shaw:

"I am enclosing two tickets to the first night of my new play; bring a friend ... if you have one."

Churchill:

"Can't possibly attend your first night. Will attend the second night … if there is one."

OUR UNDERWRITERS


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CALENDAR

(NEW) Shagging on the Cooper: 7 p.m., Aug. 17, and Sept. 7, Mount Pleasant Pier. You can tell summer is coming to a close when there are only two chances to enjoy live music on Mount Pleasant Pier. Palmetto Soul will play on Aug. 17; Coastal Breeze Band will perform at the last event. Costs are $8 for Charleston County residents. More.

Ballpark Festival of Beers: 6 p.m. to 9 p.m., Aug. 17, Joe Riley Park, Charleston. More than 100 varieties of beers and food from local food trucks will satisfy attendees to this 11th annual event. The first 2,500 people will get a commemorative sampling glass and sampling tickets for 5-ounce tastes of their favorite beers. Music by Blue Plantation Band and Weigh Station. More info.

Stomp some grapes: Noon to 5 p.m., Aug. 24, Irvin-House Vineyards, Wadmalaw Island. You can celebrate the annual grape harvest and get some purple feet at the 10th Annual Grape Stomping Festival. Admission is $10 per car, with part of the proceeds going to Frierson Elementary School. On hand will be music, family fun, great food -- and adult beverages. More.

(NEW) Be Brave Bash: 6 p.m., Aug. 26, Alhambra Hall, Mount Pleasant. The Center for Women will have its second celebration of Women's Equality Day, which commemorates the day in 1920 (Aug. 26) when voting rights for women officially became a part of the U.S. Constitution. At this fundraiser, the Center will offer great food and an open wine bar, as well as an interactive art collage, photo booth, live music and more. Tickets start at $25. More.

(NEW) Cookbook signing: 5 p.m., Aug. 30, Le Creuset store, 241 King St., Charleston. Acclaimed Chef Edward Lee, a Louisville, Ky., resident who won Iron Chef America, will sign his new book "Smoke & Pickles"). The day before, he will conduct a 6 p.m. cooking demonstration at Le Creuset Atelier at Ripley Point. Tickets are limited. More.

(NEW) Moonlight Mixers: 7 p.m., Aug. 30, and Sept. 20, Folly Beach Fishing Pier. DJ Jim Bowers will keep your feet moving with oldies and beach music during the summer's last two mixer events. Costs are $8 for Charleston County residents. More.

OPEN Arts Expo: Noon to 4 p.m., Sept. 8, Cistern Yard, College of Charleston, Charleston. The Charleston Regional Alliance for the Arts and College of Charleston School of the Arts will host this fourth-annual event that's a sneak peak of what's to come from more than 35 local arts organizations. More.

Great watercolors: Through Sept 15, Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston. In conjunction with Spoleto Festival USA, the Gibbes will present watercolors created in Charleston in the early 1990s by celebrated contemporary artists Stephen Mueller and Carl Palazzolo, who will give an opening day gallery talk at 2:30 p.m. at the museum. Art is from the collection David and Carol Rawle. More: GibbesMuseum.org

Coastal Living's 2013 Showhouse: Open at various times now through Oct. 20. The magazine's newly-constructed home along the Wando River on Daniel Island is open for tours with a portion of the $15 ticket proceeds to charity. More info and times here.

Bird walks: 8:30 a.m. to noon, every Wednesday and Saturday. This is the time of year that a great variety of migrating birds fly through the Lowcountry so what better time to take part in one of the regular early morning bird walks at Caw Caw Interpretive Center in Ravenel. Pre-registration is suggested. Cost is $5. Walks also are conducted on James Island and Folly Beach.Learn more online.

FOCUS ARCHIVES

9/30: McCarter: Safe water
9/23:
Diebolt: One Book program
9/16:
Mercer: Civil War photos
9/9:
30th MOJA Festival soon
9/3:
Scharstein: Free autism forum

8/26: Ringler: Chasing after a cure
8/19:
Sabine: Kids giving back
8/12:
Frazier: Bat lab
8/5:
Hathorne: Kudzu bugs

7/29: Sheahen: Poverty grows
7/22:
Ferguson: Plate at the table
7/15:
Kaynard: Mepkin Abbey
7/8:
McCandless: At-risk youths
7/1:
McGee: Monroe's new book

6/24:
Williams: Avoiding foreclosure
6/17:
Dewey: Preventing suicide
6/10:
Hoover: Clean kitchens
6/3:
Kulp: On breathalyzers

DOUG BOSTICK: CIVIL WAR HISTORY

9/3: Assault on Fort Sumter
8/5:
The Angel of Death
7/8:
Assault on Battery Wagner
6/10:
"A furious barbarian"
5/13:
Recovery of Keokuk guns
4/8:
"Turrets are coming!"
3/11:
Preparing to attack
2/11:
Blockade is broken
1/14:
Stono Rebellion

ANDY BRACK

9/30: On Henry Martyn Robert
9/23:
New American inspire
9/16:
10 years later: Letter
9/9:
Welfare today
9/3:
End legislative delegations

8/26: What would Dr. King say?
8/19:
Wool over our eyes
8/12:
Essays on ordinary summer
8/5:
Ford needs to get out of the way

7/29: New poverty study
7/22:
Engage in trade war
7/15:
Give brand to government
7/8:
S.C. keeps treading water
7/1:
Brad Taylor's new thriller

6/24:
Brookgreen Gardens
6/17:
New fee bring us closer?
6/10:
Great new library service
6/3:
On Robert Ford

CAMPBELL, LAFOND : ON SENIORS

8/5: More on estates, wills
7/1:
Estate planning myths
6/3:
Pensions for wartime vets
5/6:
Revocable Living Trusts
3/4:
Resources to help seniors cope
2/4:
On life estates
1/7:
Next step in health care

GREG GARVAN: CHARLESTON GREEN

7/29: B Corps
6/24:
GoodBiz Summit
5/27:
Getting ready to evacuate
4/29:
Tax policies
3/25:
On good policy
2/25:
Heirs' property
1/28: Two conferences

LEIGH SABINE: PLUFF MUD KIDS

7/15: Childrens' museums
6/17:
Interactive adventures
5/20:
Birds, bees, butterflies
4/15:
Signs of spring abound
3/18:
Great local parks
2/18:
What's new in Charleston is old
1/21: Blaze a trail in 2013
12/10: Great holiday adventure

THE LIST: ARCHIVES

9/9: Fall allergy tips
9/3:
Best new restaurants

8/26: Citadel records
8/19:
Tops in ice cream
8/12:
Free computer classes
8/5:
Hall of Famers

7/29:
Beer shakes
7/22:
Tall buildings
7/15:
Keep pets safe
7/8:
List recalibration
7/1:
Mosquito facts

6/24:
Curbing mosquitoes
6/17:
Twitter tips
6/10:
Help for job applicants
6/3:
Summer projects

5/27: Hurricane tips
5/20:
Cleaning up rooms
5/13:
Traveling with friends
5/6:
5 on melanoma

4/29: 5 on Cinco de Mayo
4/22:
Best in Charleston
4/15:
Generous cities
4/8:
Spring cleaning tips
4/1:
Vacation ID tips

3/25: Park and play
3/18:
On the menu
3/11:
Still no response
3/4:
No response

2/25: Five on storytelling
2/18:
Earth Day duties
2/11:
For the heart
2/4:
Home energy tips

1/28:
Cold water boating
1/21:
On Ted Stern
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SMART goals
1/7:
Dealing with email

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TWITTER UPDATE

 

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